UNITS OF ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT Basic Electrical TheoryExample 3: Find the applied voltage, when given circuit resistance of 100 W and circuit currentof 0.5 amps.Solution:Since circuit resistance and circuit current are known, use Ohm’s Law to solve forapplied voltage.E = IRE = (0.5 A)(100 W) = 50 VConductanceThe word "reciprocal" is sometimes used to mean "the opposite of." The opposite, or reciprocal,of resistance is called conductance. As described above, resistance is the opposition to currentflow. Since resistance and conductance are opposites, conductance can be defined as the abilityto conduct current. For example, if a wire has a high conductance, it will have low resistance,and vice-versa. Conductance is found by taking the reciprocal of the resistance. The unit usedto specify conductance is called "mho," which is ohm spelled backwards. The symbol for "mho"is the Greek letter omega inverted ( ). The symbol for conductance when used in a formula isG. Equation (1-5) is the mathematical representation of conductance obtained by relating thedefinition of conductance (1/R) to Ohm’s Law, Equation (1-4).(1-5)G1RESISTANCEIEExample: If a resistor (R) has five ohms, what will its conductance (G) be in mhos?Solution:G (or)1R150.2PowerElectricity is generally used to do some sort of work, such as turning a motor or generating heat.Specifically, power is the rate at which work is done, or the rate at which heat is generated. Theunit commonly used to specify electric power is the watt. In equations, you will find powerabbreviated with the capital letter P, and watts, the units of measure for power, are abbreviatedwith the capital letter W. Power is also described as the current (I) in a circuit times thevoltage (E) across the circuit. Equation (1-6) is a mathematical representation of this concept.P = I x E or P = IE(1-6)ES-01 Page 16 Rev. 0

Integrated Publishing, Inc. - A (SDVOSB) Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Business