Figure 1 Core-Type Transformer
When alternating voltage is applied to the primary winding, an alternating current will flow that
will magnetize the magnetic core, first in one direction and then in the other direction. This
alternating flux flowing around the entire length of the magnetic circuit induces a voltage in both
the primary and secondary windings. Since both windings are linked by the same flux, the
voltage induced per turn of the primary and secondary windings must be the same value and
same direction. This voltage opposes the voltage applied to the primary winding and is called
counter-electromotive force (CEMF).