Quantcast Example of Proportional Plus Reset Control

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PROPORTIONAL PLUS RESET CONTROL SYSTEMS Process Controls The main disadvantage of the integral mode is that the controller output does not immediately direct the final control element to a new position in response to an error signal.   The controller output changes at a defined rate of change, and time is needed for the final control element to be repositioned. The combination of the two control modes is called the proportional plus reset (PI) control mode. It  combines the  immediate output  characteristics of  a proportional  control mode  with the zero residual offset characteristics of the integral mode. Example of Proportional Plus Reset Control Let’s once more refer to our heat exchanger example (see Figure 23).   This time we will apply a proportional plus reset controller to the process system. Figure 23   Heat Exchanger Process System The response curves shown in Figure 24 illustrate only the demand and the measured variable which represents the hot water outlet temperature. Assume the process undergoes a demand disturbance which reduces the flow of the hot water out of  the  heat  exchanger.    The  temperature  and  flow  rate  of  the  steam  into  the  heat  exchanger remain the same.   As a result, the temperature of the hot water out will begin to rise. The proportional action of the proportional plus reset controller, if acting alone, would respond to the disturbance and reposition the control valve to a position that would return the hot water out to a new control point, as illustrated by the response curves.  You’ll note that a residual error would still exist. IC-07 Page 34 Rev. 0


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