CORROSIVES (ACIDS AND ALKALIES)
Hazards of Chemicals and Gases
One final, and extremely important, consideration is the type of container or receptacle into
which corrosives are to be dispensed. The use of an inappropriate or makeshift receptacle can
negate the value of all precautionary measures.
These receptacles may be used for temporary storage or merely as a means of transporting from
storage area to place of use. In any event, an appropriate receptacle meets several conditions.
It is designed for the application.
It is used for no other purpose than that for which it is intended.
It is maintained in a safe, clean, and dry condition.
The important information in this chapter is summarized below.
The hazards of acids:
High concentrations can destroy body tissue, eyes being especially
susceptible with permanent damage or loss of sight.
Inhalation of acidic vapors can irritate the respiratory system.
Ingestion can destroy the stomach and throat lining, and if the
concentration is strong enough, ingestion can be fatal.
Aqueous solutions can become explosive if combined with other
chemicals or combustible materials
If reacting with metal, hydrogen gas may be a byproduct, which is