FLUID POWER P&IDs
Engineering Fluid Diagrams and Prints
Reservoirs provide a location for storage of the motive media (hydraulic fluid or compressed gas).
Although the symbols used to represent reservoirs vary widely, certain conventions are used to
indicate how a reservoir handles the fluid. Pneumatic reservoirs are usually simple tanks and
their symbology is usually some variation of the cylinder shown in Figure 20. Hydraulic
reservoirs can be much more complex in terms of how the fluid is admitted to and removed from
the tank. To convey this information, symbology conventions have been developed. These
symbols are in Figure 20.
Figure 20 Fluid Power Reservoir Symbols
An actuator in a fluid power system is any device that converts the hydraulic or pneumatic
pressure into mechanical work. Actuators are classified as linear actuators and rotary actuators.
Linear actuators have some form of piston device. Figure 21 illustrates several types of linear
actuators and their drawing symbols.