Reactor Theory (Nuclear Parameters)
Rod Control Mechanisms
The control rod insertion rates on a scram are designed to be sufficient to protect the reactor
against damage in all transients that are expected to occur during the life of the reactor.
During normal rod motion, the control rods must be able to move rapidly enough to compensate
for the most rapid rate at which positive reactivity is expected to build within the reactor in
order to provide positive control. The transient that is normally considered when setting this
minimum rod speed is the burnout of maximum peak xenon while at full power. Xenon burnout
is usually the most rapid, non-accident transient expected. The maximum rod speed is normally
limited in order to reduce the severity of an accident involving the continuous withdrawal of
The important information in this chapter is summarized on the following page.