Force and MotionMOMENTUM PRINCIPLESRev. 0Page 5CP-03MOMENTUM PRINCIPLESMomentum is a measure of the motion of a moving body. An understanding ofmomentum and the conservation of momentum provides essential tools in solvingphysics problems.EO 1.5DEFINE momentum.EO 1.6EXPLAIN the conservation of momentum.EO 1.7Using the conservation of momentum, CALCULATE thevelocity for an object (or objects) following a collision oftwo objects.MomentumMomentumis a basic and widely applicable concept of physics. It is, in a sense, the measure ofthe motion of a moving body. It is the result of the product of the body's mass and the velocityat which it is moving. Therefore, momentum can be defined using Equation 3-3.P = mv(3-3)where:P=momentum of the object (Kg-m/sec or ft-lbm/sec)m =mass of the object (Kg or lbm)v=velocity of the object (m/sec or ft/sec)Momentum is a vector quantity since it results from the velocity of the object. If differentmomentum quantities are to be added vectorially, the direction of each momentum must be takeninto account. However, to simplify the understanding of momentum, only straight line motionswill be considered.Example:Calculate the momentum for a 16 lbm bowling ball rolling down a lane at 22 ft/sec.