Electrostatic Force

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ATOM AND ITS FORCES Basic Electrical Theory The  proton  is  the  fundamental  positive Figure 2    The Carbon Atom charge (+) of electricity and is located in the  nucleus.    The  number  of  protons  in the   nucleus   of   any   atom   specifies   the atomic  number  of  that  atom  or  of  that element.    For  example,  the  carbon  atom contains    six    protons    in    its    nucleus; therefore, the atomic number for carbon is six, as shown in Figure 2. In   its   natural   state,   an   atom   of   any element   contains   an   equal   number   of electrons   and   protons. The   negative charge  (-)  of  each  electron  is  equal  in magnitude  to  the  positive  charge  (+)  of each  proton;  therefore,  the  two  opposite charges cancel, and the atom is said to be electrically neutral, or in balance. Electrostatic Force One of the mysteries of the atom is that the electron and the nucleus attract each other.   This attraction is called electrostatic force, the force that holds the electron in orbit.   This force may be illustrated with lines as shown in Figure 3. Figure 3    Electrostatic Force ES-01 Page 2 Rev. 0


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