TEMPERATURE DETECTION CIRCUITRYTemperature DetectorsBridgeCircuitOperationThe bridge operates by placing R_{x} in the circuit, as shown in Figure 8, and then adjusting R_{3} sothat all current flows through the arms of the bridge circuit. When this condition exists, thereis no current flow through the ammeter, and the bridge is said to be balanced. When the bridgeis balanced, the currents through each of the arms are exactly proportional. They are equal if R_{1}= R_{2}. Most of the time the bridge is constructed so that R_{1} = R_{2}. When this is the case, and thebridge is balanced, then the resistance of R_{x} is the same as R_{3}, or R_{x} = R_{3}.When balance exists, R_{3} will be equal to the unknown resistance, even if the voltage source isunstable or is not accurately known. A typical Wheatstone bridge has several dials used to varythe resistance. Once the bridge is balanced, the dials can be read to find the value of R_{3}. Bridgecircuits can be used to measure resistance to tenths or even hundredths of a percent accuracy.When used to measure temperature, some Wheatstone bridges with precision resistors areaccurate to about + 0.1°F.Two types of bridge circuits (unbalanced and balanced) are utilized in resistance thermometertemperature detection circuits. The unbalanced bridge circuit (Figure 9) uses a millivoltmeter thatis calibrated in units of temperature that correspond to the RTD resistance.Figure 9 Unbalanced Bridge CircuitIC-01 Page 12 Rev. 0

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