Figure 9 Multi-Stage Centrifugal Pump
Centrifugal Pump Components
Centrifugal pumps vary in design and construction from simple pumps with relatively few parts
to extremely complicated pumps with hundreds of individual parts. Some of the most common
components found in centrifugal pumps are wearing rings, stuffing boxes, packing, and lantern
rings. These components are shown in Figure 10 and described on the following pages.
Centrifugal pumps contain rotating impellers within stationary pump casings. To allow
the impeller to rotate freely within the pump casing, a small clearance is designed to be
maintained between the impeller and the pump casing. To maximize the efficiency of a
centrifugal pump, it is necessary to minimize the amount of liquid leaking through this
clearance from the high pressure or discharge side of the pump back to the low pressure
or suction side.