CORROSIVES (ACIDS AND ALKALIES)
Hazards of Chemicals and Gases
Ingestion, the least common mode of contamination, requires immediate medical attention. Any
attempt at first aid beyond drinking large quantities of water should be made only upon the
advice of a physician.
If body burns are severe or extensive, or if the eyes are in any way involved, a physician should
be consulted as soon as possible after first aid is rendered. No attempt should be made to
neutralize the corrosive prior to treatment with water. Any treatment, in addition to the use of
water, should be undertaken only with the advice of the physician.
When corrosives are shipped in small containers such as glass or polyethylene bottles, they
should be well protected, whether individually packaged or several are packaged in a single case.
After careful inspection, the corrosives may be stored in these containers if the containers are
maintained in an upright position and under cover. The containers should be kept off the floor
on materials that are corrosive resistant, or protected with corrosive-resistant coverings, to
facilitate flushing and other cleanup procedures in the event of leakage or spills.
All drums should be stored on individual racks or securely blocked on skids, with the closure
(plug) up to prevent leakage. Drums containing corrosives in liquid form should be vented when
received, and at least weekly thereafter, to relieve accumulated internal pressure.
Cylinders should be stored in an upright position, preferably in individual racks and with the
valve protective cap in place. In all cases, to avoid error, empty and full containers should be
stored in different locations.
Under no circumstance should corrosives be transferred from the original labeled container to
an unmarked container. All containers must be labeled clearly, concisely, and in simple, easily
understood terms. Inspection of containers before handling will disclose conditions such as
breakage, leakage, and improperly positioned closures which could readily cause a leak or spill.
In handling bottles, barrels, or drums containing corrosives, the following guidelines must be
Carefully inspect containers prior to handling.
Use personal protective equipment.
Use equipment specifically designed for the purpose of transporting and
dispensing the chemical in question.
Label all containers into which the chemical is transferred.